Why would you need thyroid surgery?

How do you know if you need your thyroid removed?

Your doctor may recommend that you consider thyroid surgery for 4 main reasons: You have a nodule that might be thyroid cancer. You have a diagnosis of thyroid cancer. You have a nodule or goiter that is causing local symptoms – compression of the trachea, difficulty swallowing or a visible or unsightly mass.

Is thyroid removal a serious surgery?

A thyroidectomy is a common but major surgery with serious risks and potential complications. You may have less invasive treatment options.

Is thyroid surgery urgent?

Total thyroidectomy is a routine elective operation, but exceptionally it has to be performed on an emergency basis especially when it is life-threatening due to airway obstruction [1-5].

What is the survival rate of thyroid removal surgery?

The 5- and 10-year overall survival in the patient group with papillary cancer was 97% and 95% respectively, in the group with follicular cancer it was 78% and 50% respectively and in the group with medullary cancer it was 91% and 82% respectively.

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Will I gain weight after thyroid removal?

Patients with hyperthyroidism commonly experience weight gain after thyroidectomy. This occurs due to the reduction in circulating thyroid hormone, thus ameliorating the weight-lowering effects of elevated thyroid hormones (4,5).

Is thyroid removal surgery painful?

You may have pain not only from your incision, but also from muscle soreness in your upper back and shoulders. This is from the positioning in the operating room during the surgery. You will have liquid pain medicine in the hospital and a prescription for pain pills at home. You may have a sore throat.

What is life like after thyroid removal?

You will need to take at least one or two weeks to recover before you return to work and other daily activities. You should not lift any heavy objects for about 2 weeks after your operation to avoid any strain on your neck. Your neck is likely to be swollen and may feel hard and numb right after the surgery.

How long does thyroid surgery take?

Table 1

Clinical scenario Median wait times
Actual Appropriate
Benign symptomatic disease 3-6 months 3-6 months
Time to completion thyroidectomy if initial hemi shows:
Papillary or Follicular Ca 6-8 weeks 4-6 weeks

What type of doctor does thyroid surgery?

Thyroid surgery is performed by otolaryngologists or general surgeons.

When does a thyroid nodule need to be removed?

If a thyroid nodule is causing voice or swallowing problems, your doctor may recommend treating it with surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. If the doctor recommends removal of your thyroid (thyroidectomy), you may not even have to worry about a scar on your neck.

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Can you live a normal life after thyroid removal?

Despite its importance, you can live a healthy, normal life without it or with only part of it. But you will need treatment to prevent hypothyroidism—or too little thyroid hormone—which can be serious. To prevent hypothyroidism, you will need to start thyroid hormone replacement.

What are the long term effects of thyroid removal?

After thyroidectomy, a few people may experience neck pain and a hoarse or weak voice. This doesn’t necessarily mean there’s permanent damage to the nerve that controls the vocal cords.

Does having your thyroid removed shorten your life?

We have also shown that treatment per se (thyroidectomy, high-dose radioactive iodine and thyroid hormone medication) is safe and does not shorten life expectancy. Nonetheless, it remains important to realise that patients with persistent disease have a median standardised survival time of only 60%, independent of age.