Which of the following are solutions that can damage surgical instruments?

What causes corrosion on surgical instruments?

1 When technicians see discoloration and erosion at the tungsten carbide inserts of needle holders, they are witnessing surface corrosion, which is caused by water or condensate on the stainless-steel instruments.

What solution causes instruments to corrode when exposed to it?

If instruments are rinsed with water other than deionized or softened water, deposits will form on the instruments that can entrap other harmful water chemicals. These deposits can act as seed points for corrosion to occur. Flash sterilization can also eventually cause damage to passive layers.

Does saline damage surgical instruments?

Saline contains chloride ions which can be very damaging to surgical instruments. These chloride ions are highly caustic and can cause pitting and deterioration to instruments. (See figures 1 and 2.) … Most clearly state that prolonged soaking especially in saline solutions should be avoided.

Can peroxide damage surgical instruments?

Hydrogen Peroxide: Hydrogen peroxide is effective but corrosive to the surfaces of your instruments. Extra care must be taken when rinsing.

How can rusting of instruments be prevented?

How can instrument rusting be prevented? Rust inhibitors such as sodium nitrate can be applied, or the instruments can be thoroughly dried to prevent instrument rusting. Why should instruments be packaged before sterilization? to maintain sterility.

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How do you remove rust from surgical instruments?

Rub a pencil eraser aggresively over the discolor- ation. If the discoloration is removed with the eraser and the metal underneath is smooth and clean, this is a stain. If a pit mark appears under the discoloration, this corrosion is rust.

How are instruments sterilized for surgery?

Steam or autoclave sterilization is the most common method of instrument sterilization. Instruments are placed in a surgical pack and exposed to steam under pressure. A sterilization indicator (required) such as autoclave tape or an indicator strip is used to identify instruments that have been sterilized.

Does alcohol damage surgical instruments?

Results: Soaking or spraying instruments with alcohol significantly reduced viable bacterial numbers, but significantly increased soil attached to forceps, as did air drying. Wiping instruments with alcohol had little effect on bacterial viability, but increased cleaning difficulty.

What is enzymatic cleaner for surgical instruments?

Enzymatic cleaners help prepare instruments and endoscopes for cleaning and sterilization or high-level disinfection by removing bodily fluids and tissue. They can be used as presoaks, during manual cleaning or in the first stage of automatic cleaning (as in ultrasonic washers or automated endoscope reprocessors).

What does saline do to instruments?

Saline contains chloride ions which can be very damaging to surgical instruments. These chloride ions are highly caustic and can cause pitting and deterioration to instruments.

Why do you not use saline water to presoak the instruments?

There- fore, it is important to begin decontamination (pre-soak and clean instruments within 20 minutes) following a procedure. Never soak instruments in water or saline. Tap water contains high amounts of minerals which can leave a deposit stain on the instrument surface.

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