What drug is prescribed after heart valve replacement?
To reduce the risk of clots that may form on the new valve, cardiologists prescribe antiplatelet drugs. Such medications stop blood cells called platelets from sticking together and forming clots, which can cause heart attacks and strokes. Among the most commonly used antiplatelets are aspirin and clopidogrel (Plavix).
Do you have to take anti rejection drugs after valve replacement?
No. After the TAVR [Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement] procedure you will take an antiplatelet agent (Plavix or something similar) for a minimum of 3 months.
Do you have to take blood thinners after valve replacement?
When a heart valve is damaged, the valve can be replaced using a prosthetic. Heart valve prosthetics can either be mechanical (made of man-made materials) or biological (made of human or animal tissue). After surgery, patients are at risk of developing blood clots and need to take blood thinners.
Should you take statins after heart valve replacement?
Statins may reduce mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through prevention of atherosclerotic events or pleiotropic effects. However, the competing mortality risks in TAVR patients may dilute any positive effect of statins.
Why is warfarin prescribed after valve replacement?
Oral warfarin anticoagulation is a long-term treatment that is required after heart valve replacement. This treatment can prevent serious complications, such as embolism, thereby increasing patients’ postoperative survival rates and quality of life.
Can you take Plavix if you have an artificial heart valve?
Plavix (clopidogrel) is also sometimes used to prevent blood clots in people with mitral valve disease (a condition that affects the valve that separates the left upper and lower chambers of the heart) prosthetic (artificial) heart valves, and people undergoing certain heart procedures such as coronary artery stent …
Can you drink alcohol after aortic valve replacement?
Water – avoid sugary soft drinks and drink alcohol only in moderation.
Can you live a normal life after aortic valve replacement?
For aortic valve-replacement patients in general, this loss was 1.9 years. Without treatment, however, the mean survival for these patients is two to three years. The researchers found no differences in loss of life expectancy between women and men.
What is the life expectancy of someone with an artificial heart valve?
For example, they estimated that a 45-year-old undergoing mechanical valve replacement has a life expectancy of 19 years (compared with 34 years in the general population), and lifetime risk of thrombo-embolism, bleeding, and re-intervention of 18, 15, and 10%, respectively.
How long do you take warfarin after valve replacement?
The American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines recommend the use of warfarin for the first three months after biological aortic valve replacement (BAVR), although the American College of Chest Physicians guidelines suggest that these recommendations are …
How long do you have to take warfarin after heart surgery?
The trend is toward using this treatment for three to six months unless the person has a history of bleeding that would make anticoagulation dangerous.
What blood thinners can be used with an artificial heart valve?
Vitamin K antagonists are the only anticoagulants licensed for use in patients with mechanical heart valves. Among these, warfarin is most commonly prescribed.