When is surgery needed for hyperthyroidism?

When is thyroid surgery necessary?

Thyroid surgery is performed for several reasons and can include symptomatic thyroid nodules, recurrent thyroid cysts, goiter, Graves’ disease, and to rule out or treat thyroid cancer. The purpose of thyroid surgery is to remove part or all of the thyroid gland. You will be in the hospital usually one night.

What are the indications for surgery in hyperthyroidism?

Generally, accepted indications for thyroidectomy for thyrotoxicosis include: suspicion of malignancy by physical examination (firmness, irregularity, or attachment to local structures) or by fine-needle aspiration cytology of nodules; pregnancy; women desiring pregnancy within 6–12 months of treatment; lactation;

How long is surgery for hyperthyroidism?

This procedure requires general anesthesia and takes about two hours. Your surgeon makes a small incision in the front of the neck and removes the entire thyroid gland. Doctors use minimally invasive surgical techniques to help reduce bleeding and trauma to the surrounding tissue.

How serious is thyroid surgery?

Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications. Potential complications include: Bleeding.

Can you be hospitalized for hyperthyroidism?

Possible Complications

Fever, decreased alertness, and abdominal pain may occur. People need to be treated in the hospital. Other complications of hyperthyroidism include: Heart problems such as fast heart rate, abnormal heart rhythm, and heart failure.


Can hyperthyroidism go away without treatment?

Hyperthyroidism typically does not go away on its own. Most people need treatment to make hyperthyroidism go away. After treatment, many people develop hypothyroidism (too little thyroid hormone).

What’s the best treatment for hyperthyroidism?

Radioactive iodine is the most widely-recommended permanent treatment of hyperthyroidism. This treatment takes advantage of the fact that thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which have the ability to absorb iodine. In fact, thyroid hormones are experts at doing just that.

What are the complications of hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications:

  • Heart problems. Some of the most serious complications of hyperthyroidism involve the heart. …
  • Brittle bones. Untreated hyperthyroidism can also lead to weak, brittle bones (osteoporosis). …
  • Eye problems. …
  • Red, swollen skin. …
  • Thyrotoxic crisis.

Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?

We have also shown that treatment per se (thyroidectomy, high-dose radioactive iodine and thyroid hormone medication) is safe and does not shorten life expectancy. Nonetheless, it remains important to realise that patients with persistent disease have a median standardised survival time of only 60%, independent of age.

Does removing your thyroid cure Graves disease?

ANSWER: Thyroid removal is one of several treatment options that can effectively decrease symptoms of Graves’ disease. Others include anti-thyroid medications and radioiodine. Each person is different, and no one treatment is best for everyone. A thyroidectomy often relieves symptoms of Graves’ disease.