What causes macular edema after cataract surgery?

How long does macular edema last after cataract surgery?

The procedure is painless, takes less than 5 minutes, and is performed in the office. The major side effect is that some patients actually see the laser spots after the treatment is finished; these usually fade away over the next few weeks. The macular edema may take up to four months to go away.

Can macular edema be caused by cataract surgery?

Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a common problem after cataract extraction. It can occur after uncomplicated surgery in patients with otherwise healthy eyes, after complicated surgery, or after surgery in patients with ocular diseases such as uveitis or diabetic retinopathy.

How do you prevent macular edema after cataract surgery?

Diabetes mellitus, retinal vein occlusion, epiretinal membrane, macular hole, and uveitis are the most important risk factors for developing cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery. Topical NSAIDs either in addition to, or instead of, topical corticosteroids reduce the risk of developing PCME.

Why does macular edema happen after cataract surgery?

This leakage causes the macula to swell. Eye surgery, including cataract surgery, can increase your risk of developing macular edema due to blood vessels becoming irritated and leaking fluids. Macular edema that develops after cataract surgery is called cystoid macular edema (CME).

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Can macular edema be reversed?

Macular edema is a condition in which fluid builds up in the macula causing it to swell and thicken, distorting vision. Macular edema cannot be cured but can be treated effectively if diagnosed early. Macular edema cannot be cured but can be treated effectively if diagnosed early.

What medications can cause macular edema?

Ophthalmologic pharmaceutical agents, like prostaglandin analogs, epinephrine, timolol, and ophthalmic preparation preservatives have also been reported to cause macular edema as an adverse event.

What is the most common complication of cataract surgery?

A long-term consequence of cataract surgery is posterior capsular opacification (PCO). PCO is the most common complication of cataract surgery. PCO can begin to form at any point following cataract surgery.

What causes wavy vision after cataract surgery?

Usually when there is blurring and waviness after surgery, it indicates a problem at the macula, which is the sensitive part of the retina that is needed to see fine detail. The commonest problem is cystoid macular edema (CME), where fluid accumulates within the retinal layer at your macula.

Can high blood pressure cause macular edema?

Risk factors

In the retina, blisters of fluid form and swell the retina—this is macular edema. Factors likely to cause macular edema include conditions that: Cause more fluid to leak from blood vessels (diabetes and high blood pressure) Increase inflammation in the eye (surgery, inflammatory diseases)