Should I have my thyroid removed for nodules?

What size thyroid nodule should be removed?

Previous studies had shown that between 11- 20% of cancerous nodules ≥ 4 cm may be misclassified as benign (false negative) and this has led to recommendations that all nodules > 4 cm should be removed.

Do all large thyroid nodules need to be removed?

Thyroid cysts are nodules filled with fluid. They can be small or large and might appear suddenly. If a nodule has both fluid and solid parts, it is called a complex nodule. They need to be surgically removed if they cause neck pain or difficultly swallowing.

When should a benign thyroid nodule be removed?

Generally, benign thyroid nodules do not need to be removed unless they are causing symptoms like choking or difficulty swallowing. Follow up ultrasound exams are important. Occasionally, another biopsy may be required in the future, especially if the nodule grows over time.

What happens if a thyroid nodule is left untreated?

Most thyroid nodules are benign (non-cancerous) and cause no problems if left untreated. However, approximately 5 to 10 percent of thyroid nodules are cancerous – but even then, a patient might not need surgery right away because most thyroid cancers grow slowly.

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Does thyroid removal shorten life expectancy?

We have also shown that treatment per se (thyroidectomy, high-dose radioactive iodine and thyroid hormone medication) is safe and does not shorten life expectancy. Nonetheless, it remains important to realise that patients with persistent disease have a median standardised survival time of only 60%, independent of age.

When Should thyroid be removed?

Your doctor may recommend surgery to remove part or all of your thyroid gland if it’s overactive, has grown very large, or has nodules, cysts or other growths that are—or could be—cancerous.

Will I lose weight if my thyroid is removed?

Yes, thyroid removal can impact weight loss. Thyroidectomy (removal of thyroid gland) can disrupt your metabolism due to the decreased level/absence of thyroid hormones leading to weight gain.

What are the symptoms of cancerous thyroid nodules?

Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer

  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
  • Trouble swallowing.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • A constant cough that is not due to a cold.

What size thyroid nodule is worrisome?

The nodules in 5% of each size group were classified as malignant. Six percent of the nodules 1 to 1.9 cm were considered suspicious, as were 8 to 9% of nodules in the larger size groups.

What are the consequences of having your thyroid removed?

If your entire thyroid is removed, your body can’t make thyroid hormone. Without replacement, you’ll develop signs and symptoms of underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Therefore, you’ll need to take a pill every day that contains the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine (Synthroid, Unithroid, others).

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What are the chances of a thyroid nodule being cancerous?

Thyroid nodule: an abnormal growth of thyroid cells that forms a lump within the thyroid. While most thyroid nodules are non-cancerous (Benign), ~5% are cancerous. Thyroid Ultrasound: a common imaging test used to evaluate the structure of the thyroid gland.